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NEP 2020:

Online School Education is a fundamental aspect of development of an individual and a nation, following which after 34 years new educational policy came into light on July 29,2020 which aims to transform the education system of India. To make India a global power, NEP lays particular emphasis on the process of transforming the already existing structure into a flexible one which focuses on overall and sustainable development of students through education. Although, the policies still seem latent and the success depends on the implementation of the policy across the country, they seem promising and possess extreme potential to bring about the necessary reforms. Here’s a quick glance through the highlights of the NEP 2020.

    School Education

  • Introduction of ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) with a pedagogical structure
  • Flexible play-based, activity based, multi-level, inquiry-based learning for students for students of age 3-6.
  • Introduction to 5+3+3+4 curricula structure
  • Launch of NIPUN (National Initiative for Proficiency in reading with Understanding and Numeracy) to achieve basic foundational literacy and numeracy skills in students upto class 3.
  • Implementation of Book Promotion Policy through Digital libraries.
  • Medium of instruction to be mother tongue or local language wherever possible upto grade 5. Three-language formula to remain the same provided the languages will be decided by the states and the students
  • Multi-disciplinary education and no rigid separation between streams
  • Reduction of curriculum to core concepts to ensure development of life skills, scientific temper, problem solving skills, critical thinking ability in students
  • Vocational integration from class 6 to ensure experiential and project based learning
  • Emphasis on catering to 21st century needs. Introduction to coding from class 6.
  • 360 degree holistic and all-round development of students through student progress tracking called PARAKH (Performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development )
  • Exams to be conducted by authorities only in class 3, 5 and 8 to test achievement of basic learning outcomes.
  • Board exams to be made easier by incorporating two sections : Multiple-choice questions and descriptive questions. To test more of conceptual understanding and less of rote learning.
  • Teacher training for ECCE, robust mechanisms to hire educated teachers in their respective fields through teacher eligibility test and mandatory qualification of 4-year integrated B.Ed.
  • Opportunities for teachers for continuous professional development and career management and recognition for outstanding work
  • Provisions for students with special abilities and inclusion of students of all genders from economically and socially backward areas
  • Students with disabilities to be provided cross disability training, resource centres, accomodation and appropriate devices for education.

Higher education Institutes

  • A higher educational system consisting of large, multidisciplinary universities and colleges consisting of holistic and multidisciplinary undergraduate education
  • Vocational Integration in professional education by analyzing the skill gap and local opportunities
  • Major-Minor course adoption techniques for multidisciplinary education
  • Discontinuation of M.Phil to attain Ph.D. and appropriate certificate-granting according to years of education achieved
  • Credit Transfer Policy and academic bank of credits system for flexible dropout and admission process
  • Establishment of a National Research Foundation to fund outstanding peer-reviewed research and to actively inculcate research in universities and colleges
  • Internationalization of education by inviting the world’s prestigious universities to build their institutions across the country
  • Faculty and institutional autonomy in terms of finance, administration, and academia
  • Governance of HEIs by high qualified independent boards having academic and administrative autonomy. 
  • Regulation by a single regulator for higher education called HECI (Higher Education Commission of India) including four verticals; excluding medical and legal fields
  • Greater opportunities for outstanding public education, scholarships by private/philanthropic universities for disadvantaged and underprivileged students.
  • Online education, and Open Distance Learning (ODL), and all infrastructure and learning materials to be made accessible and available to learners
  • National mission on Mentoring; students to be able to achieve mentoring from alumni and retired professionals or faculties
  • Establishment of national institutes to promote classical literature and languages such as Pali, Persian, and Sanskrit and introduction to the concept of artist-in-residence to promote research in these fields
  • Setting up of Indian Institute for Translation and Interpretation

    Role of Technology

  • National Educational and Technology Foundation to facilitate decision making on the induction, deployment, and use of technology
  • Technological interventions for improving teaching-learning and evaluation processes, supporting teacher preparation and professional development, enhancing educational access, and streamlining educational planning, management, and administration including processes related to admissions, attendance, assessments, etc
  • Judicious use of disruptive technologies like AI, VR, AR, and 3D technology in learning and teaching processes
  • Development of educational software for teachers and students including students in remote areas and Divyang students
  • Development of virtual / Simulator labs for enhancing research in Higher educational institutes
  • Teacher training to become effective online educators
  • Content creation, digital repository and dissemination of content to students

Impact of NEP of Learning Management Systems

Quite a few challenges are bound to affect the existing learning management systems as several reforms have been suggested. Naturally, LMSs will have to update their technology to essentially contribute towards the national agenda. 

  • Generation of content available in different regional / local languages to facilitate multilingual medium of instruction and granting access to all students
  • Vocational integration with already existing subjects to enhance visual experiential learning
  • Providing interface to practice coding and develop logical thinking to come at par with the required 21st century skills
  • Curation of relevant course content and high quality question banks assessing students on real life problem solving skills
  • Technology to track student progress and including parents as the important stakeholder to monitor achievable goals set for students
  • Laying emphasis on teacher training as an important aspect and help them achieve their professional goals by tracking their progress and creating transparent feedback system
  • Use of appropriate disruptive technologies like AI to analyse individual student capabilities, speed and work profile for relevant recommendations
  • High quality virtual labs for enhancing visual learning and retention of information 
  • Integrating technology with mentoring to provide essential feedback and career related suggestions
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